Basics of BTC Mining: How to Mine Bitcoin?

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Only used in geological contexts until recently, the word mining today has an entirely different meaning. Even though most people understand that mining is a concept related to cryptocurrency, it is still a strange and incomprehensible topic. Yet, most people are drawn to this concept. It is perhaps the popularity of bitcoin mining that makes it appealing. Let us take a look at what mining is and why it has attracted so much attention.

What Is Mining?

Mining is the process of creating new Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies and verifying transactions involving those coins. It uses vast, distributed networks of computers that check and secure blockchains, which are digital ledgers that record cryptocurrency transactions.

Bitcoin Mining

New bitcoins are created through the process of mining bitcoins, which entails checking new transactions against the Bitcoin network. The method by which Bitcoin transactions are digitally verified on the Bitcoin network and added to the blockchain record is known as mining. To verify blocks of transactions that are updated on the decentralized blockchain ledger, difficult cryptographic hash problems must be solved.

The Process

As mentioned above, to effectively add a block, Bitcoin miners must compete to solve incredibly complex math problems. However, for this, they need expensive computers and large amounts of electricity. To complete the mining process, miners must first arrive at the correct or closest answer to the question. The process of guessing the correct number (hash) is known as proof of work. Nowadays many major networks, due to the environmental impacts of heavy electricity usage, are shifting to another method called proof of stake.

Additionally, a mining rig is a powerful computer setup that enables programmers of cryptocurrency networks to validate transactions over their preferred networks. These persons can mint or mine new cryptocurrency tokens once they have finished a specified “block” or series of verifications.

Types of Bitcoin Mining Rigs

Here are a few of the most common bitcoin mining rigs:

ASIC bitcoin mining

ASIC stands for an application-specific integrated circuit. These types of devices have been created with the specific intention of mining bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Different kits cost significantly more than others and are available in various configurations. They are particularly useful since they provide outstanding levels of computing power while consuming the least amount of electricity.

Scrypt bitcoin mining

Mining Scrypt bitcoins is particularly common on the Litecoin network. But it is intended to be a development over the SHA-256 hashing method. Scrypt enables miners to produce random numbers as soon as possible and store them in RAM.  The Scrypt bitcoin mining method is also GPU-friendly for miners. Additionally, it can level the playing field by lessening the advantage that ASIC miners currently enjoy.

GPU bitcoin mining

A GPU bitcoin mining rig is a specialized computer for mining bitcoin using GPUs. This may seem like a regular personal computer but is much more. It is the weapon of choice for most bitcoin mining farms. Here, graphics cards are used to mine blockchain data. Graphics cards can be very expensive and can become outdated as standards change, despite the fact that they are effective.

CPU bitcoin mining

CPU bitcoin mining involves mining bitcoin from the computer. It is an easy and affordable course of action to adopt. Unfortunately, it isn’t very feasible when it comes to mining bitcoin. But, it is the best method for altcoins. Its primary advantage is its availability. Interested miners can download a few programs to their desktop or laptop and start bitcoin mining instantly. This is the best approach for people who do not want to invest a lot of money in mining.


This used to be another widely used tool to mine cryptocurrencies. In its day, it offered good mining capacity for different cryptocurrencies, but the optimization of GPU mining and the arrival of ASICs ended up displacing them completely.

How To Choose Hardware for Bitcoin Mining

Selecting the right bitcoin mining hardware is crucial when thinking about how to mine bitcoin. As a matter of fact, Bitcoin mining costs more in terms of hardware and electricity, and most people may initially think that the investment is quite pricey. It is very important to consider the hashing power, electricity usage, ambient temperature, and initial purchase price while selecting the best bitcoin mining equipment.


It is important to consider the hardware’s hash rate when selecting the components. Usually, we can measure it through Gh/s, Th/s, or Mh/s. Typically, manufacturers specify the details of the device hashrate or the speed at which the device can perform bitcoin mining calculations. The hashrate required can also be found by examining the current bitcoin difficulty. The calculation of existing difficulty to find a hash can help to determine the device performance.


Electricity usage should be taken into consideration while choosing the best bitcoin mining equipment. The price to power a bitcoin mining machine might dramatically affect the profit unless people receive free electricity. The price of electricity, however, varies depending on where individuals reside. By dividing the hash execution performance by the quantity of electrical power used, the return on investment (ROI) is calculated. Additionally, in order to reduce electrical expenses, the bitcoin mining data centers will make use of resources like geothermal and hydropower.


The cost must be taken into account before choosing the best bitcoin mining hardware. In order to pay for the machine and other expenses like maintenance, repairs, and power, this is essential. However, the fastest and more efficient bitcoin mining hardware might cost more. The overall investment may also include the cost of connectors to tether all miners, buying racks, and buying replacement parts if ever needed.


The likelihood of receiving a larger payment is increased by bitcoin miners’ higher hashrates. Efficiency is equally as important as having a high hash rate. Additionally, the best miner uses energy effectively, resulting in lower per-hash electricity costs for users.

Bitcoin mining profitability, unlike during its initial stages, is now unstable. In addition, many countries, such as China, have made mining illegal. Therefore, it is necessary to check several aspects of mining before deciding to venture into the mining world.

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